Home Range: 5 to 25 square mile.
Food: Mice, voles, rabbits and other small animals, fruits, berries, deer, domestic livestock, carrion, garbage.
Mating: January to April
Gestation: 58 to 63 days
Young born: March to May
Number of young: 5 to 7
Number of litters: 1
Young independent: Disperse at 6 to 9 months, but sometimes stay with parents and form a pack.